Unip-Dealu Cetăţuica




          The Unip-Dealu Cetăţuica (Sacosu Turcesc Village) it is placed in the central part of Timis County, in the Eastern edge of the Unip Forest, being in part covered by it. Although it is placed at only 8 km S-SE from Timisoara the site is completely isolated from the city by the Timis River that flows at 300 m North form it.
          Geographically, "Dealu Cetăţuica"" it is placed in The Lower Timis Lowland on a sand hill made by the deposits brought by the Timis River that flowed through here before it was systematized.


The Archaeological Site Structure

          Being placed on a sand hill, the site rises about 3 m from its surroundings looking like an "acropolis" which is bounded by the natural course of the Timis River on three of its sides.The area of the top of the sand hill has over 5 hectares.
          The magnetometric surveys that were made in 2007 and 2009 confirmed the fact that the top of the hill it is surrounded by a linear structure on the eastern and the northern sides.


Site Habitation

          "Dealu Cetățuica"and the surrounding areas were inhabited during three major historic ages, the first iron age, the second iron age and the migration age.
          The most intense inhabitation on the top of the hill is during the first iron age, meanwhile for the second iron age we have lots of ritual pits. Although the lower plateau was not poorly investigated, there are few traces of dacian habitation that suggest that there probably was a civil settlement. Future researches will show if the this settlement is contemporary with the ritual pits from the top of the hill. Although the findings that were dated in the migration age are not so many, they occupy a large part of the plateau.

The Investigation

          In august 2007, during the eGISpat Timis Project, a team from the West University of Timisoara, led by Liviu Maruia, finds the remote place called "Dealu Cetăţuica",3 km NW away from the Unip Village. The site has been surveyed during the fall of that year.
          The combined results from the field walking, the magnetometric surveys and the topographic measurements that took place outlined a spectacular image and the scientific potential of the "Dealu Cetăţuica"archaeological site..
          In 2009 the site becomes the school archaeological site of the West University of Timisoara for the first year students of the History department and the First year MA students.
          Since 2009 the site was investigated systematically every year, the result being spectacular.


ArheoVest and archaeological investigations from Unip

          Since 2013, ArheoVest becomes partner with the West University of Timisoara, lots of the NGO members engaged in the investigations from Unip – "Dealu Cetăţuica", since the discovery of the site.
          The archaeological site research team between 2009 and 2013 consisted of teachers from the History department from the West University of Timisoara: prof. univ. dr. Adrian Bejan, lect. univ. dr. Liviu Măruia, lect. univ. dr. Dorel Micle and later the young graduates and ArheoVest team members joined the team.

The "Dacii din Câmpia Bănățeană"exhibition

          After five years and as many excavations campaigns, and many archaeological materials collected, allowed an exhibition that aims to popularize research and the Unip – Dealu Cetăţuicaarchaeological site.
           Thereby old items can see the daylight after hundreds or even thousands of years being exposed along with their stories at the West University of Timisoara such that anyone can see them.
          Among the discoveries by far the most numerous are Dacian. The Dacian Kingdom dating from the first century BC to the first century AD. Together with these dacian discoveries you can see other objects dating from the first iron age ( IX - VIII century BC) or the period of migrations ( VI - VII century AD).
          Dacian objects consisting largely in pottery illustrates a variety of activities of this community. Thus, keeping supplies , cooking meals and beverages, lighting the houses, basic daily activities of the Dacian Community from Dealu Cetatuica , all find their joyful story unearthed by archaeologists. In addition to these activities, some other special ones can be reconstituted, like bone and horn objects manufacturing, children playing, women's daily activities ( spinning, ironing etc . ) or, especially, ritual habits, described by the offerings founded in many sacred ritual pits discovered at Unip.
           Besides the displays showing the most important pieces discovered in the first campaigns from Unip - Dealu Cetatuica, the exhibition contains models of the major structures excavated, consisting of full-scale reconstruction of a ritual pits, a Dacian bread oven , and a Slavic oven used for heating the houses. All displays and models are accompanied by explanatory panels illustrated with numerous images from the excavation , maps or graphic reconstructions aimed to recompose and present the world as faithfully the lost world of the people who once lived on "Dealu Cetăţuica".

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